Yad Vashem is Israel's official memorial to the Jewish victims of the Holocaust, established in 1953 through the Yad Vashem Law passed by the Knesset, Israel's parliament. Yad Vashem is located on the western slope of Mount Herzl on the Mount of Remembrance in Jerusalem, 804 meters (2,638 ft) above sea level and adjacent to the Jerusalem Forest. containing the Holocaust History Museum, memorial sites such as the Children's Memorial and the Hall of Remembrance, Yad Vashem honors non-Jews who saved Jews during the Holocaust, at personal risk, as the "Righteous Among the Nations".Yad Vashem is the second most-visited tourist site in Israel, after the Western Wall. It receives some one million visitors annually.
Dead Sea Scrolls
The Isaiah Scrolls, were found in a cave near the Dead Sea (Qumran Cave 1) with six other scrolls by Bedouin shepherds in 1947, later known as the "Dead Sea Scrolls". The scroll is written in Hebrew and contains the entire Book of Isaiah from beginning to end, apart from a few small damaged portions. It is the oldest complete copy of the Book of Isaiah known, being 1100 years older than the Leningrad Codex, and the most complete scroll out of the 220 found at Qumran. Pieces of the Isaiah Scroll have been carbon-14 dated at least four times, giving calibrated date ranges between 335-324 BC and 202-107 BC; there have also been numerous and scribal dating studies placing the scroll around 150-100 BC. The scroll is written on 17 sheets of parchment. It is particularly large, being about 24 feet (730 cm) long and 11 inches (28 cm) high. There are 54 columns of text.
Tomb of Samuel
The Tomb of Samuel, is the traditional burial site of the biblical Hebrew prophet Samuel, atop a steep hill at an elevation of 908 meters above sea level. It is situated to the north of the Jerusalem neighborhood of Ramot. On the site is a building containing a mosque built in the 18th century that was formerly a church. The tomb itself is located in an underground chamber where a small synagogue is located.